Dr.Yogesh S. Gupta, Dr. Shalikram K. Jadhao, Dr. Anupam S. Khare, Dr. Anil Modak


BACKGROUND: Rheumatic fever (RF) and Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) continue to be a major health hazard
worldwide. In present study, the demographic pro


Rheumatic mitral stenosis, Echocardiography

Full Text:



WHO | Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease [Internet]. WHO. [cited 2014 Dec

. Available from: http://www. cardiovascular_diseases/publications


Carabello BA. Mitral stenosis. In: Fuster V, Walsh RA, Harrington RA, editors. Hurst

The Heart. 13th ed. New York: Mc Graw Hill Medical; 2011. p. 1738–43.


SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J, editors. Harrison

ed. Mc Graw Hill Medical; 2012. p. 1929–33.

Baumgartner H, Hung J, Bermejo J, Chambers JB, Evangelista A, Griffin BP, et al.

Echocardiographic assessment of valve stenosis: EAE/ASE recommendations for

clinical practice. J Am Soc Echocardiogr Off Publ Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2009

Jan;22(1):1–23; quiz 101–102.

Bonow RO, Carabello BA, Chatterjee K, de Leon AC, Faxon DP, Freed MD, et al. 2008

focused update incorporated into the ACC/AHA 2006 guidelines for the

management of patients with valvular heart disease: a report of the American

College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines

(Writing Committee to revise the 1998 guidelines for the management of patients

with valvular heart disease). Endorsed by the Society of Cardiovascular

Anesthesiologists, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and

Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Sep 23;52(13):e1–142.

Saeed M, Inam-ul-Haq null, Saleem MA. Effect of gender on echocardiographic

outcomes of patients presenting with mitral stenosis at a tertiary care hospital. J Ayub

Med Coll Abbottabad JAMC. 2011 Jun;23(2):130–2.

Movahed MR, Ahmadi-Kashani M, Kasravi B, Saito Y. Increased prevalence of mitral

stenosis in women. J Am Soc Echocardiogr Off Publ Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2006


Zhang W, Mondo C, Okello E, Musoke C, Kakande B, Nyakoojo W, et al. Presenting

features of newly diagnosed rheumatic heart disease patients in Mulago Hospital: a

pilot study. Cardiovasc J Afr. 2013 Mar;24(2):28–33.

Acquired Mitral Stenosis. 2014 Apr 29 [cited 2014 Dec 29]; Available from:


  • There are currently no refbacks.