PREVALENCE OF TINEA CAPITIS IN SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN IN PATNA , BIHAR

Pooja nupur, Shreekant prasad

Abstract


BACKGROUND:                                                                                                      In recent years the incidence of Tinea capitis, infection of scalp by dermatophytes, has increased in United Kingdom and North America. The trend may be similar in India. The objective of this study is to find the prevalence of  Tinea capitis in government school going urban children in Patna, Bihar.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:                                                                        The present study is a cross-sectional study conducted in a government higher primary school in Patna, Bihar.

 

 

 

RESULTS:                                                                                                         Total 200 students were screened and 102 were diagnosed to have Tinea capitis  by clinical examination, giving a prevalence rate of  51% among school children. Prevalence rate among the age groups of  6–8, 9–11 and 12–14 years were almost the same, ranging from 50 to 51%. The prevalence rate was significantly high among the boys (60.1%). There was no significant difference in prevalence of infection among coconut oil users and mustard oil users. Measures of general hygiene were similar among those who were infected with Tinea capitis and those who were not. The commonest clinical type of infection found was  grey patches. Itching with hair loss was the major symptom and most of the infected children had cervical lymphadenopathy. The potassium hydroxide studies revealed endothrix spores in majority of samples.

 

CONCLUSION:                                                                                                        Tinea capitis  is prevalent in school going urban children in Patna , Bihar  and necessary measures must be undertaken to curtail this incidence.


Keywords


Prevalence ,Government school children, Tinea capitis

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