Vinita Malhotra, Chandan Kumar, Raj Laxmi, A. K. Gupta, Ashok Kumar Verma


INTRODUCTION: Tubercular spondylitis is de􀃶ned as an infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis of one or more
of the extradural components of the spine namely the vertebra, intervertebral disks, paraspinal soft tissues and
epidural space. It is associated with disproportionate amount of morbidity due to its tendency to produce signi􀃶cant deformity and
neurologic complications. Therefore, Prompt diagnosis and treatment are of utmost importance. MRI has proven best technique for early
diagnosis tubercular spondylitis and neurological complications.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: MRI is a non-invasive diagnostic tool for evaluation and early diagnosis of tubercular spondylitis. To obtain the
correlation between MR imaging 􀃶ndings and the neurological status of the patient.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 55 Patients with strong clinical suspicion of tubercular spondylitis with and without neurological de􀃶cit are
included. Proper history, clinical examination and neurological examination of affected cord followed by MRI study was done on 1.5 tesla
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Early visualization of change in bone marrow intensity, erosion of end plate, destruction/ collapse of
vertebral body, loss of disc space and change in intensity of intervertebral disc space, pre and paravertebral soft tissue abscess/collection,
calci􀃶cation/ bony fragments in pre and paravertebral spaces, bilateral psoas abscess are well seen on MRI sequences. Epidural abscess,
thecal sac compression, CSF compression, cord edema, cord compression of spinal cord are also well seen on MRI. There is signi􀃶cant
correlation between the clinical as per the ASIA class and the MRI 􀃶ndings in relation to the spinal canal .IN MRI proper coil and proper
sequences were used.


Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Spinal Tuberculosis, Neurological Complications.

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