TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PLANNED TEACHING ON KNOWLEDGE REGARDING IMPORTANCE OF FOLIC ACID IN PREVENTION OF NEURAL TUBE

Ms. Ankita Mhaske, Ms. Bali Thool

Abstract


Background: Maternal and infant health is an important goal for all health care systems and is emphasized in the
WHO Millennium Development Goals. Today, congenital anomalies are among the major causes of perinatal and
infant mortality and morbidity in developed countries1
Research Approach: Evaluatory approach.
Research Design: Quasi experimental one group pre test post test design.
Setting of the Study: This study was conducted in hospital. Sample: First trimester mothers.
Sampling technique: Samples was selected by Non-probability purposive sampling technique.
Sample size: 40 􀃶rst trimester mothers.
Tool: Structured knowledge questioner including demographic variables and planned teaching was used for the study.
Result: This study shows that 19-23 years, 9(22.5%) belongs to the age group of 24-28 years, 14(35%) belongs to the age group of 29-33
years, 9(22.5%) of the subject belongs to the age group of 34-above years. The subjects, 6(15%) had primary education, 10(25%) had high
school education, 18(45%) is under graduate and 6(15%) is graduated and more. Most of them, 19(47.5%) were belong to hindu religion,
4(10%) was muslim, 11(27.5%) were Buddhist, and 6(15%) was other. With regards to occupation of mother, 10(25%) had private sector,
4(10%) had government service, most of the subject 20(50%) had worked in daily wages and 6(15%) was housewife Type of family, 18(45%)
was belonging to joint family, 9(22.5%) was from nuclear family and 13(32.5%) was from extended family. The residential areas of the
subjects, 15(37.5%) was from rural area and 25(62.5%) was from urban area. In the monthly area, 3(7.5%) was having below 2000 Rs, 12(30%)
was having 3000-5000 Rs., 13(32.5%) was having 6000-7000Rs. And 12(30%) has above 9000. The gravida, 16(40%) was primigravida and
24(60%) was multigravida mother. In the parity of mother, 13(32.5%) was the primipara mother, 8(20%) was the multipara mother and
19(47.5%) was the nullipara mothers.
Conclusion: There was signi􀃶cant increase in the knowledge scores of the study participants after giving planned teaching. This shows
that, all women had positive effectiveness of planned teaching regarding importance of folic acid in prevention of neural tube defect .


Keywords


Knowledge , Effectiveness, Folic acid, Prevention of neural tube defect

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References


. Robert J. Berry, M.D., M.P.H.T.M., Zhu Li, M.D., M.P.H., J. David Erickson, D.D.S., Ph.D., Song Li, M.D., Cynthia A. Moore, M.D., Ph.D., Hong Wang, M.D., Ph.D., Joseph Mulinare, M.D., M.S.P.H., Ping Zhao, M.D., Lee-Yang C. Wong, M.S., Jacqueline Gindler, M.D., Shi-Xin Hong, M.D., Ling Hao, M.D., M.P.H., Elaine Gunter, B.S., M.T.(A.S.C.P.), and Adolfo Correa, M.D., Ph.D., for the China–U.S. Collaborative Project for Neural Tube Defect Prevention*


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