ETIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH PAPILLEDEMA

Vinod Dangi, Nitin Nahar

Abstract


Papilledema is a finding which harbors multiple etiologies. Hence a better understanding of this condition will assist in the early management and prevention of complication from papilledema itself as well as condition causing it.  OBJECTIVE: Aim of  This study was to ascertain the etiological proportion of papilledema cases in IPD setting. METHOD AND MATERIALS: 100 patient with initially confirmed papilledema as per modified frisen papilledema scale were retrospectively  studied  at Gandhi Medical College and Hamidia Hospital from May 2014 to December 2014. Patients undervent a detailed clinical evaluation followed by laboratory investigations and neuroimaging studies. Patient having optic disc edema other than raised ICT  and patient whith head injury were excluded. RESULTS: Present study showed female preponderance with F:M  1.2:1. Incidence was common in age groups of 2nd and 4th decade. Meningitis was the most commom etiology associated with papilledema observed in 38%, followed by intracranial hemorrhage(23%), cerebral venous thrombosis (20%),intracranial space occupying lesion (10%),idiopathic (9%).CONCLUSION: Meningitis was the commonest etiology associated with papilledema.


Keywords


papilledema frisen scale, meningitis, intracranial hemorrhage

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References


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