ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK OF ADOLESCENTS- A PILOT STUDY

Deepa P, Rajee Reghunath

Abstract


Title

Assessment of cardiovascular risk of adolescents- a pilot study

Introduction

It is established that atherosclerosis begins in childhood and adolescence.

Objectives

The objective of the study was to assess the cardiovascular risk of adolescents.

Methods

A descriptive survey design was conducted among 210 adolescents aged 10 to 14 years studying in Classes V to IX. The socio personal data sheet and 24 hours recall sheet was completed by mothers. Physical Activity questionnaire- C was completed by the adolescents. The Height, Weight, Blood Pressure and Waist circumference were taken as per standard procedures. The 20 meter shuttle run test was carried out. Body Mass Index was calculated. Total kilocalories per day were calculated. The cardiovascular risk score was computed (Range 7-27).

Results

The mean cardiovascular risk score was 11.36 with a SD of 2.26. In the present study, 52.9% of the adolescents had at least one risk factor.

Conclusion

The study was feasible and sample size was calculated as 380.


Keywords


Cardiovascular risk; adolescents; obesity; school based

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References


www.whqlibdoc.who.int/publication/2010

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