A CASE STUDY OF ETIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF PLEURAL EFFUSION AND DIAGNOSTIC EFFICACY OF PLEURAL FLUID ANALYSIS

Dr. Deepthi . M, Dr. Joyal Sandeep . P, Dr. Swarnalatha Devi . G

Abstract


To study about the etiological profile of pleural effusion in patients admitted in our hospital
Ÿ To evaluate the reliability and diagnostic efficacy of pleural fluid glucose, Lactate dehydrogenase and Adenosine deaminase estimation
in diagnosis of pleural effusion.
Sample Size: 100 Patients of pleural effusion.
INCLUSION CRITERIA:
1. Any case of Pleural effusion.
2. Age 18-85 years.
EXCLUSION CRITERIA:
1. Age < 18 years.
2. Hemodynamically unstable patients.
3. Pregnant women.
4. Patients with bleeding disorders or diathesis.
RESULTS:
1. Etiology
In this study patients with pleural effusion were classified as transudative and exudative pleural effusion based on Lights criteria. ese were
further classified based on etiology and clinical profile as,
Ÿ Transudative pleural effusions :
Among transudative pleural effusion majority were due to CCF (80%), followed by effusion due to Renal failure (20%).
Ÿ Exudative pleural effusions :
e majority were tubercular in origin (66.7%), followed by empyema (13.3%), parapneumonic effusion (12.2%) and malignant effusion
(7.8%).


Keywords


perception,OPD attendees,primary health centres

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References


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