INCIDENCE OF CATARACT PATIENTS REPORTING TO COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, JAGADALPUR, CHHATTISGARH: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF 5 YEARS.

Dr. Rakesh Shori, Dr. Chhaya Shori

Abstract


BACKGROUND. Cataract is an aftermath of senescence. It is dened as a medical condition in which the lens of the eye
becomes progressively opaque, resulting in blurred vision. Blindness due to cataract presents an enormous problem in
India not only in terms of human morbidity but also in terms of economic loss and social burden. Treatment modalities include Modern cataract
surgery, including clear cornea approach, lens aspiration with posterior capsulotomy, anterior vasectomy and IOL implantation. Objective was
to study the Incidence of Cataract patients reporting to College of Medicine, Jagadalpur, Chhattisgarh.
METHODS: This is a retrospective study involving 800 patients over a period of three years. The demographic data of the patients was retrieved
from medical records department of the institution. Type of cataract was also included in the study as: a) Nuclear, b) Cortical and c) Sub-capsular.
The Permission from Institutional Ethics Committee was obtained. From each and every patient included in the study, initially informed
individual consent was taken.
RESULTS: Out of 800 patients, 504 were males and 296 were females. In both males and females predominant group with cataract were 41 – 50
years old.
Cortical type of cataract was the predominant type. There was no signicant difference in the distribution of types of cataract. Among males,
nuclear type was the predominant type whereas among the females, cortical type was the predominant type.
CONCLUSION: A total of 8781 les were screened for a period of three years, 800 patients had cataract. In the present study the majority of
cataract patients were in the elderly age group.


Keywords


Incidence, cataract, blindness.

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