A STUDY OF CLINICAL AND ETIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH ACUTE PANCREATITIS

P. Musa Khan, K. S. Amaravathi, C. Komal

Abstract


Background: Acute pancreatitis remains a common disorder with devastating consequences. Mortality and morbidity
depends on the severity of the disease. We aimed to evaluate the clinical and etiological prole of patients with acute
pancreatitis.
Materials and methods: This was a prospective observational study done in the department of Medicine, OGH, Hyderabad, during one year
period from 1st July 2017 to 30th June 2018. Detailed clinical history was recorded and examination and lab investigations were done. Severity
of acute pancreatitis was assessed using Atlanta classication.
Results: in this study 50 patients were included- 48(96%) men and 2(4%) women. The major etiological groups were as follows: alcohol in 74%,
dyslipidemia in 18% and gallstones in 6% of patients. Majority (74%) of the patients were in the age group 21-40 years. Pain abdomen (100%)
was present in all patients. Ascites / pleural effusion (18%) was the most common complication. Most of the patients had mild(48%) to moderate
(36%) acute pancreatitis.
Conclusion: Acute pancreatitis was common in third decade with a male predominance. Alcohol was the most common aetiology. Patients with
acute pancreatitis should be evaluated clinically, biochemically and radiologically as this condition associated with severe systemic and local
complications.


Keywords


Acute pancreatitis, S. Amylase, S. Lipase. Alcohol and pancreatitis.

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