A STUDY OF SYMPTOMATIC HYPONATREMIA IN ELDERLY PATIENTS BASED ON HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS

Dr. Meenakshi. G, Prof. Dr. N. N. Anand

Abstract


One of the commonest electrolyte disturbance in elderly hospitalised patients is hyponatremia. As there is no proper
profiling for symptomatic hyponatremia in elderly patients. So our objective is to study the clinical features and the
etiology of hyponatremia in hospitalized elderly patients and to classify the severity of hyponatremia in hospitalized elderlys.All elderly patients
admitted in ICU with serum sodium level of <= 125 mmol/L were included in our study.50 such symptomatic patients were studied.CNS
symptoms included were drowsiness, lethargy, confusion, seizures and coma. There was female preponderance for cases (55%). common comorbid
conditions were Hypertension (62%) and diabetes mellitus (51%). The common cause of Hyponatremia was SIADH (30) followed by
drugs of which diuretics was the main contributor. Hence Hyponatremia was common in females than male counterparts and they better tolerate
than them. Diuretics should be cautiously used in elderly patients.


Keywords


maincontributor Hyponatremia inhospitalised inpatients

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References


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