Dr. Meenakshi. G, Dr. N. N. Anand


Stroke, is a devastating & disabling disease with some residual decit which leads to economic loss. Stroke prevalence
rate is 471.58 / 1, 00,000 population in recent Indian studies. Objective of this study was to analyse clinical prole and
important facts that contribute to stroke in both sexes. This is a descriptive, retrospective cross-sectional study carried out on acute stroke patients
admitted to the SreeBalaji Medical College and Hospital, Chennai. 150 patients were studied over a period of 1 year from June 2017 till May
2018. 62% males and 38% females constituted study population. Among them females were predominant young stroke patients. Only 30.3% of
patients were brought to the hospital within 6 hours. 92% patients had GCS score (≥13/15). Common presentation was hemiplegia. 77% had
infarct & 17% had intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). Risk factors: Type A personality (70%), smoking (61.7%), Alcoholism (45.7%), Systemic
Hypertension (61.5%), Diabetes Mellitus (32%), Cardiac disorders (12.5%).Cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) were commonly seen in young
females. Type A personality, most important risk factor. Smoking and alcoholism in males and chronic comorbid illness in females was strongly
associated with stroke. A holistic approach comprising public awareness, behavioural modication, treating comorbid medical illness is the need
of the hour.


devastating disabling disease werepredominant

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