Swati Singh, A. K. Malhotra


Preterm birth (PTB) is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and long term morbidity. Various maternal demographic,
behavioral, and clinical characteristics have been associated with PTB. The present study was conducted to study the
prevalence of preterm births and its association with socio-demographic variables. The study was conducted on pregnant female, belonging to
reproductive age group (15-44 years) admitted in department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. Study was carried out from January 2016 to April
2016, participants were selected randomly using the simple random technique. Data was entered in M.S Excel and analysed in Epi info
version. Chi-square test was used for comparison and statistical significance was taken at P value <0.05. In our study the prevalence of preterm
birth was 22.5%. Preterm birth was more common in extreme of age, lower socioeconomic status, women residing in rural area and females with
primary or illiterate education status.


Preterm birth, socio-demographic, reproductive age

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