EFFICACY OF CLONIDINE AS AN ADJUVANT TO 0.5% ROPIVACAINE IN SUPRACLAVICULAR BRACHIAL PLEXUS BLOCK FOR UPPER LIMB SURGERIES.

Dr. Shikha Goyal, Dr. Amol Bansal, Dr. Anjul Agrawal

Abstract


We experimented effect of clonidine on characteristics of ropivacaine-induced supraclavicular brachial plexus block.
Sixty adult patients were randomly recruited to two groups of 30 each: Group R: 30 ml 0.5% ropivacaine + 1 ml normal
saline. Group RC: 30 ml 0.5% ropivacaine + 150 mcg clonidine. The onset of sensorimotor block was earlier in Group RC (3.67± 0.75 min for
sensory block and 7.67 ± 1.12 min for motor block) than in Group R (5.5± 0.94 min for sensory block and 12.27 ± 1.84min for motor block). The
duration of sensory and motor block and analgesia were prolonged by clonidine (P < 0.001). Addition of clonidine in supraclavicular brachial
plexus block with ropivaicane decrease the onset and increase the duration of sensory and motor block with prolonged duration of analgesia.


Keywords


clonidine, supraclavicular brachial plexus block, ropivacaine

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References


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