A STUDY ON THE SPIROMETRIC VARIABLES AND THEIR RELATION TO THE EXTENT OF DISEASE IN PATIENTS WITH BRONCHIECTASIS IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN CENTRAL KERALA

Deepthi Lalu Mathew, Kummannoor Parameswaran Pilai Venugopal

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasisis is often a neglected disease. Aim of this study is to analyse the spirometric variables
of patients with bronchiectasis and also to assess the effects of extent of disease.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Pulmonary medicine in Government Medical
College, Kottayam on patients with HRCT evidence of bronchiectasis for a period of 12 months. A total of 70 patients were enrolled. Spirometry
was done in these patients and analysed. The extent of disease detected from HRCT scan and sample population was grouped into those with 1-3
lobes involvement and 4-6 lobes involvement.
RESULTS: A total of 70 patients were enrolled with a mean age 53.07 +13.06 years of with 60% females. 47% of the study population has
restriction, 11 % had obstruction. 33% showed mixed pattern while 11% had normal spiromteric values. 42.8% had FEVR less than 70% which is
an objective evidence of airway obstruction.
CONCLUSION There is signicant association between the FEV1%, FVC% AND MEFV% of predicted with the extent of the disease.


Keywords


Bronchiectasis, Spirometry

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