COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF BACLOFEN AND TOPIRAMATE IN ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE SYNDROME: A 3 MONTHS FOLLOW UP STUDY

Dr. Ajeet Sidana

Abstract


Objective: Craving plays significant role in relapse in patients with alcohol dependence syndrome. Baclofen and topirmate are effective in
reduction of craving and maintenance of abstinence in various placebo controlled trials.
Method: It is a retrospective study of patients of alcohol dependence who were admitted in de-addiction ward from January- December 2013. Case
record files of patient who completed detoxification and were prescribed either baclofen or topiramate were taken out and analyzed after applying
coding plan.
Results: A total of 68 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria, 40 in baclofen group and 28 in topiramte group. Mean age was 38 years in baclofen
group and 41 years in topiramate group. Majority of the patients in both the groups were married and employed. Majority of the patients in both the
groups had duration of alcohol dependence between 5-10 years. 32.5 % patients in baclofen group did not report craving at 3 months against 14.2%
in topiramte group and 47.5% patients in baclofen group remained abstinent at 3 months against 28.5% in topiramate group.
Conclusion: Both baclofen and topiramate are effective in reduction of craving and maintaining abstinence in patients with alcohol dependence
syndrome and baclofen fared better than topiramate.


Keywords


Baclofen, Topiramate, Alcohol Dependence

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References


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