Prevalence of abnormal Pap smear in pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic in Dr S N Medical college and attached hospitals, Jodhpur

Dr Rizwana Shaheen, Dr Shruti Paliwal, Dr Anita Bakoliya

Abstract


Background: Worldwide carcinoma cervix is the most common cancer after carcinoma breast.Most cervical cancers are preventable.1 in 100 women will develop cervical cancer by age of 75.PAP smear being most sensitive and specific screening test reducing mortality and morbidity, can be used to identify early changes in cervix during pregnancy.

 

Aims & objective: 1) To detect abnormal pap’s smear in pregnant patients. 2) To study the epidemiological profile. 3) To identify the risk factors.

Material & Methods: A cross-sectional study involving patients attending OPD for regular antenatal check-up was carried out in antenatal clinic of Dr S N Medical College and attached hospitals, Jodhpur during time duration October 2015-March 2016.The data was obtained using a questionnaire.Conventional Pap smears were taken. The cytological results were reported based on the Bethesda classification system 2001.

 

Results: Total 200 women participated in the study. 6 patients out of 200 were found to have abnormal Pap smear. Prevalence of abnormal Pap smear was 3%. Maximum number of patients with cervical dysplasia belonged to age group 30-35 years, with low socio-economic status, low level of education, women who had sexual intercourse before 20 years, and in multiparous women.


Keywords


Prevalence, abnormal Pap smear, pregnant women, carcinoma cervix, Bathesda classification

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