Effect of Mental Stress on Heart Rate Variability In Type 'A' And Type 'B' Personality's Subjects: A Comparative Interventional Study

Dr. Nisha Awasthi, Dr. Anuradha Yadav, Dr. Manisha Shakhla, Dr . Kusum Gaur, Dr. Manish Sharma


Stress is a side effect of development but simultaneously it affects many physiological parameters in the human body. Reaction to stress also dependsupon the type of personality. The present study compare the changes occurs in heart rate variability (HRV) due to mental stress in the Type ‘A’ and Type ‘B’ personalities which was decided with Glazer questionnaire.In each of these two groups 30 males were taken. After general interview of these subjects, HRV was recorded during resting & mental stress (reverse calculations). Present study observed that mean change in LF:HF ratio and Heart rate were more in Type ‘A’ personalities than the Type ‘B’ personalities althoughit was found significant in Heart rate only. So it can be concluded from this study that Type ‘A’ personalities are more prone to mental stress than Type ‘B’ personality.


Stress, Personality, cardiovascular risk, Heart Rate Variability

Full Text:



Lundberg U, Franken haeuser M: Stress and work load of men and women in highranking position. J Occup Health Psycho 1999; 4:142-151.

A Moriguchiet al Spectral change in heart rate variability in response to mentalarithmetic before and after the beta-adrenoceptor blocker, carteolol. Clin. Auton.Res.1990;2:267-27.

Tavazzi L, Zotti AM, Rondanelli R. The role of psychologic stress in the genesis of lethal arrhythmias in patients with coronary artery disease. Heart J .1986; 7(Suppl. A):99–106.

Elkin, A., Rosch, P. Promoting mental health in the workplace: The prevention side of

stress management. Occup Heart-State Art.1990; 5:739-754

Falkner B, Onesti G, Angelakis ET, Fernandes M, Langman C.Cardiovascular response to mental stress in normal adolescents with hypertensive parents: hemodynamics and mental stress in adolescents. Hypertension. 1979;1:23–30.

Perini C, Muller FB, Rauchfleisch U, Battegay R, Hobi V, Buhler FR. Psychosomatic factors in borderline hypertensive subjects and offspring of hypertensive parents. Hypertension.1990; 16:627–634

Foote SL, Bloom FE, Aston-Jones G. Nucleus coeruleus. New evidence of anatomical and physiological specificity. Physiol Rev.1983;63:844–914

Johnson AM, Schermer JA, Vernon PA, Jang KL. Genetic correlations among facets of Type ‘A’ behavior and personality. Twin Res Hum Genet. 2012; 15(4):491

Sinnreich R, Kark JD, Friedlander Y, Sapoznikov D, Luria MH. Five minuterecordings of heart rate variability for population studies: Repeatability and age–sex characteristics. Heart 1998;80:156–62.

Garde AH, Laursen B, Jørgensen AH, Jensen BR: Effects of mentaland physical demands on heart rate variability during computer work.Eur J Appl Physiol 2002, 87:456-461.

The Glazer-Stress control life-style questionnaire. Designed by Dr Howard Glazer.http://www.dchs.nhs.uk.Accessed on 18 Dec 2016.

Garabed Eknoyan. Adolphe Quetelet (1796–1874)—the average man and indices of obesity .Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2007; 23 (1): 47-51.

Kaur Simran, Bhalla Payal, Dr Bajaj SK, Mrs. Sanyal S, Dr Babbar Rashmi. Effect of physical and mental stress on heart rate variability in Type-A and Type-B personalities. Indian Journal of Applied Basic Medical Sciences. .2013;15a(20): 59-70.

Elizabeth tharion, Sangeetha parthasarathy, Nithya neelakantan. (2009). Short-term heart rate variability measures in studentsduring examinations. The national medical journal of India. 22 (2)63-66.

Filaire E, Portier H, Massart A, Ramat L, Teixeira A . Effect of lecturing to 200 students on heart rate variability and alpha-amylase activity.Eur J Appl Physiol. 2009; 108(5):1035-43.

ShinbaT, KariyaN, MatsuiY, Ozawa N, Matsuda Y, Yamamoto K.Decrease in heart rate variability response to task is related to anxiety and depressiveness in normal subjects: Heart rate variability responsiveness .Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. .2008; 62(5):603 – 609.

E. Fuchs and G. Flügge. Stress, glucocorticoids and structural plasticity of the hippocampus. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 1998;23( 2): 295–300.

C. Tsigos and G. P. Chrousos. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, neuroendocrine factors and stress. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2002; 539 (4 )865–871.

Rosenman RH, Brand RJ, Jenkins CD, Friedman M, Straus R, Wurm M. Coronary

heart disease in the Western Collaborative Group Study: final follow-up experience of

1/2 years. JAMA.1975; 233 :872-877.

Dimsdale JE, Hackett TP, Hutter AM, Jr., Block PC, Catanzano DM, White PJ. Type ‘A’ behavior and angiographic findings. J Psychosom Res. 1979; 23(4):273-276.

Shekelle RB, Hulley SB, Neaton JD, et al. The MRFIT behavior pattern study. II. Type ‘A’ behavior and incidence of coronary heart disease. Am J Epidemiol. 1985;122(4):559-570.


  • There are currently no refbacks.