Study on the association of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and the use of cooking fuel among adults in a rural area of Kamrup District, Assam.

Dr. Rupali Baruah, Dr. Kumaril Goswami, Dr. Jogesh Sarma, Dr. Jutika Ojah

Abstract


Background: Chronic Respiratory Disease includes asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). India contributes a significant and growing percentage of COPD mortality. Aim: to study the association of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and the use of cooking fuel among adults in a rural area of Kamrup District, Assam. Setting and Design: Cross sectional study was conducted among 600 adults of more than 40 years residing in sampled villages of Boko-Bongaon Block. Materials and method: Respondents were interviewed using pretested and semi structured schedule and then spirometry was performed. Results: Out of 328 adults, who did not use to self-cook, 3.05% had COPD; out of 110 adults who used to cook with LPG & Kerosene, 5.45% had COPD. Conclusion: Persons who had potential etiological exposures with biomass fuel smoke should be asked to take necessary measures to prevent themselves from such potential exposure.


Keywords


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Cross sectional study, Spirometry, Biomass Fuel

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References


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