A STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF POSTNATAL DEPRESSION AMONG WOMEN IN URBAN AREAS OF KAMRUP (M) DISTRICT, ASSAM

Dr. (Mrs) Jutika Ojah, Dr. Parimita Roychoudhury

Abstract


Introduction: Postpartum depression is a significant maternal mental health problem which might start during pregnancy or after childbirth and needs to be treated. The global prevalence of postpartum depression has been estimated as 100‒150 per 1000 births. Objective: To study the prevalence and risk factors of postnatal depression among women in Kamrup (M) District. Materials and Methods: This Community based cross-sectional study was studied in urban areas of Kamrup (M) district, from September to December,2017.A sample of 280 postnatal women were taken as study population.. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression scale was used as a tool. Results: Prevalence of postnatal depression  was found to be 15.4%,it was found more among women in younger age (23%), belonging to nuclear family (21.5%), employed (24.5%), younger age at marriage (41.9%), unplanned pregnancy (29.5%), Caesarean Section (18.6%) as the type of delivery of last pregnancy, presence of family history (71.4%). Conclusion: Maternal and child health policies must integrate maternal depression as a disorder of public health significance especially in developing countries.


Keywords


Postnatal depression, Unplanned pregnancy, Maternal mental health.

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