SURVEILLANCE OF AEROMYCOFLORA IN THE POLYTECHNIC LIBRARY AT KAMPTEE, DIST-NAGPUR (MS)

Jayshree Thaware, Seema Jawade

Abstract


Air is most vital component of environment without which nobody can survive. One can survive without food for weeks, for a few days without water, but hardly for few minutes without air. Today it is a well established fact that bacteria, viruses, fungi and pollen grains cause air pollution. These biological agents are called as Biopollutant and presence of biopollutant indicates the air quality. The plants, animals and human beings are affected by air-pollution including bio-pollution which is responsible for causing diseases besides being allergic to them. Among the Biopollutant, in India 90% of counts of air-borne biota belongs to fungi.

Fungi are ubiquitous in nature. Hazardous effects of fungi on the health of human, animals and plants can be minimized by monitoring the quality of air for knowing the diversity, abundance and variation according to seasonal changes. The day by day changing atmosphere affects the quality of air, due to change of its biological and non- biological components. A library is a store house of books – books of all kinds. Books are made from paper which is a polymer of cellulose. A binding gum is also used for compiling many papers to form a book. Gum can be synthetic or organic; in both cases it provides nutrients and moisture for growth of fungi.

In order to identify the dominant fungi, an aero mycology investigation has been conducted. The present investigation deals with the isolation of fungal species from indoor environment of library of Bhoyar College of Polytechnic, Kamptee. Sampling   of fungal spores catch was carried out in the intramural environment of library of for the period of 1 year (December 2013 to November 2014) monthly using Hi-media air sampler with Rose-Bengal Agar Strips. During study 24 fungal genera were recorded with 1050 Colony Forming Units (CFU’s) during the study period.


Keywords


Ubiquitous, Hi-media air sampler, Czapek’s Dox agar, CFU’s, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus fumigatus

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References


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