FIGHTING AGAINST MACHINE: A CRITICAL STUDY OF EDWARD ABBEY'S THE BRAVE COWBOY

K. Vaideki, Dr. SP. Shanthi

Abstract


This paper attempts to demonstrate why and how some of the characters in Edward Abbey’s The Brave Cowboy confront their rival, the machine. It also traces different aspects of nature that appear in the novel. The vultures, wilderness, and rivers all reinforce the experience of nature in their special form. And endangered by the advancing machine, they are worth defending. Yet, on another level these components of nature may also portray the conceptions of environmentalism, rebellion, anarchism, and freedom, notions that are accentuated by the characters in the novel. Abbey’s outrage towards the power of modern society is presented in novel will deal with how the novel present different parts of the machine. The machine is signified in diverse ways in the novel, The Brave Cowboy.


Keywords


Nature, Environmentalism, Wilderness, Machine

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References


Abbey, Edward. The Brave Cowboy. New York: Avon Books, 1956.

---. Confessions of a Barbarian: Selections from the Journals of Edward Abbey, 1951-89. Ed.

David Petersen. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1994.

Ronald, Ann. The New West of Edward Abbey. Reno: U of Nevada P, 1988.

McCann, Garth. Edward Abbey. Boise, Idaho: Boise State UP, 1977.

Tatum, Stephen. “Closing and Opening Western American Fiction: The Reader in The Brave

Cowboy.” Western American Literature (1984): 187-203.


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