REFRACTIVE ERRORS IN SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN: A PREVALANCE STUDY

Dr Prabha Gupta, Dr Souryakant Varandani

Abstract


INTRODUCTION: Preventing childhood blindness is one of the important priorities in Vision 2020 program. Its very difficult to detect children
with refractive errors as Parents and teachers caring for them are not sensitive enough of the magnitude of the disease. They themselves may not
report the problem until late when vision is greatly affected.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross sectional study was conducted among school going children of age group of 7-14 years for assessment of
visual problems.
RESULTS: Total 500 students were enrolled in study of which 278(55.6%) were males and 222(44.4%) were females .Of these 28 were found to
have refractive error with prevalence of 5.61/100 students. Of these 17(60.71%) presented with myopia, 11(39.28%) presented with
hypermetropia.
CONCLUSION: Routine eye check ups by trained ophthalmologist is important aspect of diagnosing the refractive error in this age group and for
their optimal management.


Keywords


refractive error, school children

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References


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