SEROPREVALENCE OF TRANSFUSION-TRANSMISSIBLE INFECTIONS AMONG BLOOD DONORS AT A TERITARY CARE HOSPITAL, IN SOUTHERN INDIA.

Dr. Sindhuja Kondareddy

Abstract


Background:To study the seroprevalence of transfusion-transmissible Infections(TTI’s) among Blood Donors in Southern India.
Methods: The present retrospective study was carried out at blood bank in Anam Chenna Subba Reddy (ACSR) Government General Hospital
,Nellore,Andhra Pradesh.Data regarding age,sex,residence of donors and screening test results were collected from the records of blood bank over
a period of 5 years(January 2013 to December 2017.
Results: A total of 11,234 blood donors were screened during the study period, of which 10,949 (97.5%) were males and 285 (2.5%) were
females. The overall seroprevalence of TTI were 2.5% among these HIV, HBV and HCV were 0.3%, 1.8% and 0.1% respectively; for syphilis, the
seroprevalence was estimated to be 0.1%.
Conclusion: Prevention of TTI’s can be achieved by stringent screening of donors and donated bloods


Keywords


Seroprevalence,TTIs, HIV, HBV, HCV, Syphilis.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Kaur P, Basu S (2005) Transfusion-transmitted infections: existing and emerging pathogens. J Postgrad Med 51: 146-151.

Bihl F, Castelli D, Marincola F, Dodd RY, Brander C (2007) Transfusion-transmitted infections. J Transl Med 5: 25

Mujeeb SA,Kausar A,Khalid M.Seroprevalence of HBV,HCV,and HIV infection among college going voluntary donors.J.Pak Med Assoc.2000;50:269-70.

Shaikh M, Bhople KS. Seroprevalence of Transfusion Transmitted infections in blood donors at a rural based tertiary care teaching hospital in India. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences 2015; 14(10): 29-32.

Malik V.Law relating to drugs and cosmetics.22 nd edition Lucknow:Eastern BOOK Company.2011.

Yadav BS, Varma AV, Singh P, Kumar R, Bandi PK. Seroprevalence of Transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) in blood donors: A study from Central India. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2016; 5(6): 1-5.

Sunderam S, Karir S, Haider S, Singh SB, Kiran A. Seroprevalence of Transfusion Transmitted infections among blood donors at Blood Bank of Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi. Healthline Journal 2015; 6(1): 36-40.

Agrawal VK, Sharma VP, Agrawal P, Gupta D. Sero-prevalence [15]of transfusion transmissible infections among blood donors in urban area. Asian J Med Res. 2012;1:112-14.

Suresh Babu B, Sreedhar Babu KV, Chandra Mouli P. Seroprevalence and Trends of Transfusion Transmissible Infections among Blood Donors at A Tertiary Care Referral Teaching Hospital in Southern India.National Journal of Laboratory Medicine.2015;4:72-6.

Arora D,Garg K,Rawat D S.Seroprevalence of transfusion – transmissible infections among replacement and voluntary blood donors in a tertiary care hospital.Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2017;38:101-2.

Giri PA, Deshpande JD, Phalke DB, Karle LB. Seroprevalence [21]of transfusion transmissible infections among voluntary blood donors at a tertiary care teaching hospital in rural area of India. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care. 2012;1:48–51.

Karmakar PR, Shrivastava P, Ray TG. Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections among blood donors at the blood bank ofa Medical College of Kolkata. Indian J Public Health 2014;58:61-4.

Agrawal.P, Jain S, Surana S S and Sujanani S.Prevalence of Transfusion Transmitted Infections among Blood Donors at a Tertiary care Teaching Hospital in Southern Rajasthan.Annals of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 2017;4:137-41.

Arshad A, Borhany M, Anwar N, Naseer I, Ansari R, Boota S. Prevalence of transfusion transmissible

infections in blood donors of Pakistan.BMC Haematology 2016;16:27

Chandra T, Kumar A, Gupta A. Prevalence of transfusiontrasnmissible infection in blood donors: An Indian experience.Transfusion 2009;49:2214-20.

Singh B, Verma M, Kotru M, Verma K, Batra M. Prevalenceof HIV and VDRL seropositivity in blood donors of Delhi.Indian J Med Res 2005;122:234-6.

Shah N, Shah JM, Jhaveri P, Patel K, Shah CK, Shah NR. Seroprevalence of HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis among blood donors at a tertiary care teaching hospital in Western India. Gujarat Medical Journal 2013; 68(2): 35-9.

Bhattacharya P, Chakraborty S, Basu SK. Significant increase in HBV, HCV, HIV and syphilis infections among blood donors in West Bengal Eastern India 2004-2005. Exploratory screening reveals high frequency of occult HBV infection. World J Gastroenterol 2007; 13: 3730-3.

Gupta N, Kumar V, Kaur A (2004) Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV,HCV and syphilis in voluntary blood donors. Indian J Med Sci58:255–7.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.