A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF AWARENESS PROGRAMME ON KNOWLEDGE REGARDING SMOKELESS CHULAH AND ITS ADVANTAGES AMONG PEOPLE IN SELECTED SLUMS OF PUNE CITY

Ms. Diksha Saini, Ms. Tejaswini Gahare, Ms. Mupa Bindabinda, Mr. Tushar Garkal, Mrs. Kalpana Sawane

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Worldwide more than three billion people continue to depend on solid fuels, including biomass fuels (wood, dung, agricultural
residues) and coal, for their energy needs. Cooking and heating with solid fuels on open fires and/or traditional stoves may result in high levels of
health-damaging pollutants (including particulates and carbon monoxide). The use of traditional stoves in poorly ventilated houses may cause
particulate pollution. According to the World Health Report 2002, indoor air pollution (IAP) is responsible for 3.9% of the global burden of diseases
such as chronic bronchitis, pulmonary disease and lung cancer.
OBJECTIVES: To assess pre interventional knowledge regarding smokeless chulah among people of slums. To assess the effectiveness of
awareness programme.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: pre-experimental design was conducted on 60 villagers in Mohal Nagar who were using traditional chulah to
cook food. In pre-test knowledge level of villagers regarding smokeless chulah was assessed with the help of set of questionnaire. On 7th day after
awareness programme post-test was conducted using the same tool.
RESULT: Paired t-test used and was found to be 3.82 with 59 degrees of freedom at this 0.05 level which is more than the table value and also the
corresponding p-value was small (less than 0.05), hence the null hypothesis is rejected. Awareness programme was effective among the villagers.
CONCLUSION: In this study we got to know that the knowledge of villagers was very poor regarding smokeless chulah. They were still using
traditional chulah to cook food which may result in one or the other health problems. After providing awareness programme in the form of a role
play, their knowledge level regarding smokeless chulah increases as compared to the previous reviews.


Keywords


traditional stoves, carbon monoxide, indoor air pollution, particulate pollution, biomass fuels.

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References


Taishi, Y. (2004) Clearing the smoke: Improving Health using smokeless chulhas, Eye on Microfinance, Vol. 2.

According to the World Health Report.

Reddy, B.S. (2003) Overcoming the energy efficiency gap in India's residential sector. Energy Policy, 31,(11) 1117-1127.

Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (2006) India's Energy Sector, New Delhi

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/hunt-for-the-smokeless-chulha/article5225902.ece


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