EFFECTIVENESS OF A PARENT-BASED INTERVENTION PROGRAM ON INDIAN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

Apoorva Deshpande, Manju Bhargavi, Nandini Mundkur, Anusha Jayaraman

Abstract


With increasing autism spectrum disorders (ASD) cases in India and the paucity of autism intervention professionals, it is imperative to train
parents as interventionists. This study investigated the effectiveness of a parent-based intervention (PBI) program on the development of
communication, socialization, and play domains in children with ASD. Thirty-seven age-matched children with ASD were divided into PBI and
therapist-based intervention (TBI) groups. The PBI group parents underwent training from special educators. In the PBI group, 75%, 55%, and
65% children showed significant improvements after post-intervention session 1 (PS1) in communication, socialization, and play skills,
respectively. All children continuing through PS3 showed significant improvements in these three domains. The overall study results for PBI and
TBI groups were comparable based on the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) checklist. We also observed greater parent empowerment and
satisfaction among the PBI group parents.


Keywords


Parent-based Intervention, Autism, Early Intervention

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