A RETROSPECTIVE DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF EPIDEMIOLOGY OF FRACTURES OF MAXILLA IN TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL OVER A PERIOD OF THIRTEEN YEARS

Dr. Pokkula Ramesh, Dr. Erugurala Mahendar, Dr. Arige Subodh kumar, Dr. Vijay Chandra mouli, Rajit Pokkula

Abstract


INTRODUCTION:Maxilla is an important mid-facial bone, common bone to be injured which needs correction.
AIM : To analyse the cause, age, gender incidence, sites of fracture and combinations , management modalities adopted.
METHOD AND MATERIALS: 403 patients at Gandhi hospital during 2005-2017 were studied.
RESULTS & DISCUSSION The annual incidence ranged from 18.11 % to 46.47 % of the total facial fractures. 88.83%, 78.66%, 44.41%, 32%,
51.86% were males, due to RTA, aged between 21-30 years, Le-fort I fractures, on the right side respectively. ORIF was done in 66.50 % .
Infection , plate exposure were noted in 8.67 % .
Class –I occlusion was achieved in 84.11 % and in the 5.88%, the malocclusion was corrected with either stainless steel wires (6.69%) or elastic
bands (5.45%) or re do ORIF ( 3.72 %).


Keywords


Maxilla Fracture, Le-forte Fracture, Rta, Orif, Dental Occlusion , Imf.

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