INFECTIOUS DISEASE MARKERS IN BLOOD DONORS-A STUDY FROM A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Dr. Praveen Kumar, Dr Brajendra kumar

Abstract


The infectious disease markers for which blood donors are screened include anti-human immunodeciency virus (HIV), hepatitis B surface
antigen (HBsAg), anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV), rapid plasma reagin (RPR) card test for syphilis and malarial parasites.A total of 1000 donors were
screened over three years to assess the prevalence of infectious disease markers. Screening for anti-HIV I and II, HBsAg and anti-HCV was carried
out by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Syphilis was tested using RPR card test. Malarial parasite was tested by detection of genus
specic plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase.The overall seropositivity for anti-HIV I and II was nine (0.13%), for HBsAg 67 (0.99%), for anti-
HCV 13 (0.19%) and for syphilis 42 (0.62%). No sample showed malarial parasites. There was no signicant difference (p>0.05) in the
seropositivity of various markers between voluntary and replacement donors.


Keywords


Infectious Disease; Blood Donors; Screening.

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