Dr. Priya, Dr Nidhi Khajuria, Dr. Rashmi Metgud, Dr Rubeena Anjum


Introduction: The jaw can be affected by a wide spectrum of lesions, ranging from inflammatory processes to malignant neoplasms. Jaw lesions
can be very aggressive causing pain, paresthesia, swelling, drainage, tooth loss, root resorption, facial deformity, and other serious consequences.
Methodology: In this retrospective study of 8 years, biopsy records of all jaw lesions archived in the Department of oral and maxillofacial
pathology at dental college and hospital, other institutes and private labs during the period January 2006 to December 2013 were reviewed to
check the prevalence of odontogenic and non-odontogenic lesions of the jaws. The biopsies were divided into two major groups: cystic lesions
(group 1), tumors and tumor-like lesions (group 2). Groups 1 and 2 were again subdivided into odontogenic and nonodontogenic.
Results- The data revealed that Periapical cyst (304/456 ,82%) was the most commonly reported odontogenic cyst, followed by dentigerous cyst
(46/456,10%),residual cyst (18/456,3.9%), among the odontogenics tumor,the most prevalent was keratocyst odontogenic tumor (101/210,48%)
followed by ameloblastoma (45/210,21.4%),odontoma(35/210,16.6%).Whereas most frequent found benign non-odontogenic tumor was the
osteoma (64/232,27.5%) followed by ossifying fibroma (51/232,21.98%) and oral squamous cell carcinoma(9372/9707,96.5%) was the most
prevalent malignant tumor, followed by osteosarcoma (72/9707,0.7%).
Conclusion-The prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors was similar to that reported in the literature, with inflammatory cysts, keratocyst
odontogenic tumor and OSCC occurring most frequently. Case series of epidemiological profile of cysts and tumors; contribute to the
understanding of the etiological and clinical aspects of these lesions.


Odontogenic Cyst, Nonodontogenic Cyst, Odontogenic Tumor, Nonodontogenic Tumor, Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (Oscc), Periapical Cyst.

Full Text:



Bataineh AB, Rawashdeh MA, Al Qudah MA. The prevalence of inflammatory and developmental odontogenic cysts in a Jordanian population: a clinicopathologic study. Quintessence Int 2004;35: 815-819.

Adalberto Mosqueda-Taylor,Constantino Ledesma ,Montes b Silvia. Odontogenic tumors in Mexico A collaborative retrospective study of 349 cases, Oral Surg Oral Med Oral PatholO ral Radial Endod 1997;84:672-5 .

Akinola Ladipo, Ladeinde, Oluseyi, Folake Ajayi,, Mobolanle Olugbemiga, Ogunlewe, Wasiu, Lanre Adeyemo et al. Odontogenic tumors-a review of 319 cases in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Oral surgery,oral medicine,oral pathology,oral radiology and endodontology, 2005;99:(2).

Alexander Acheampong Oti, Peter Donkor, Osei Owusu-Afriyie. Orofacial Cysts at KomfoAnokye Teaching Hospital, Ghana, Surgical Science, 2013;4 65-67.

Daley TD, Wysocki GP, Pringle GA . Relative incidence of odontogenic tumors and oral and jaw cysts in a Canadian population. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1994; 77, 276-280

Fawzia M. Afrid Butt, Julius Ogengo, Jyoti Bahra, Mark L. Chindia. The pattern of benign jaw tumors in a university teaching hospital in kenya: ( a 19-year audult) ) 2012

Grossmann SM, Machado VC, Xavier GM, Moura MD, Gomez RS, Aguiar MC. Demographic profile of odontogenic and selected nonodontogenic cysts in a Brazilian population. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral RadiolEndod 2007; 104, e35-41.

Gupta B and Ponniah I. The pattern of odontogenic tumors in a government teaching hospital in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010 ; 110:e32-e39.

Jones AV, Craig GT, Franklin CD. Range and demographics of odontogenic cysts diagnosed in a UK population over a 30-year period. J Oral Pathol Med 2006; 35, 500-507.

Borges, Leandro Bezerra, Fechine Francisco , Vagnaldo Mota, Mário Rogério, Lima, Sousa et al.Odontogenic lesions of the jaw: a clinical-pathological study of 461 cases, GO - Rev GaúchaOdontol 2012;.60(1): 71-78.

Ledesma-Montes C, Hernandez-Guerrero JC, Garces-Ortiz M. Clinico-pathologic study of odontogenic cysts in a Mexican sample population. Arch Med Res 2000; 31, 373-376.

Mohammad J. Sharifian, Maryam Khalili.Odontogenic cysts: a retrospective study of 1227 cases in an Iranian population from 1987 to 2007, Journal of Oral Science, 2011; 53(3)361-367.

Ali MA .Biopsied Jaw Lesions in Kuwait:A Six-Year Retrospective Analysis, Med PrincPract 2011;20:550–555

Nadia Zaib, Madiha Sajjad, Samina, Latif,Sabeen Abbas, Salma Shaheen. Oral biopsies: study of 114 cases. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal 2012; :32(3).

Natheer Hashim, Al-Rawi, Manal Awad, Imad Eddin, Al-Zuebi, Racha A. Prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors among UAE population, Journal of Orofacial Sciences 2013; 5 (2).

Negin Khosrav, Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Mahsa Kowkabi, Amir Arsalan Navabi. Demographic distribution of odontogenic cysts in Isfahan (Iran) over a 23‑year period (1988‑2010), Dental Research Journal 2013; 10( 2).

Johnson NR, Savage NW, Kazoullis S, Batstone MD.A prospective epidemiological study for odontogenic and non-odontogenic lesions of the maxilla and mandible in Queensland., Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2013;115:515 522.

Nzegwu MA, Uguru C, Okafor OC, Ifeoma O, Olusina D. Pattern of oral and jaw tumours seen in eastern Nigeria: a review of sixty cases seen over a 5-year period- January 2000 to 31 December 2004. European Journal of Cancer Care; 17:532-534.

Ramachandra P, Maligi P, Raghuveer H. A cumulative analysis of odontogenic cysts from major dental institutions of Bangalore city: A study of 252 cases, Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology 2011 ;15 (1).

Saima Akram, Naghma, Mian Anwar Ali, Mirza M. Shakir. Prevalence of Odontogenic Cysts and Tumors in Karachi, Pakistan Journal of the Dow University of Health Sciences Karachi 2013; 7 (1): 20-24.

Sharanjeet Gill, Jyoti Chawda, Dhaval Jani.Odontogenic tumors in Western India (Gujarat): Analysis of 209 cases, J ClinExp Dent. 2011;3(2):e78-83.

Shear M, Speight P (2007) Cysts of the oral and maxillofacial regions. 4th edition

Shujariazansari Atta, Ur Rehman, Basheer Rehman. Frequency and demography of commonly occurring odontogenic cysts in khyberpakhtunkhwa (pakistan, pakistan oral & dental journal 2010; 30(1).

Simon EN, Merkx MA, Vuhahula E, Ngassapa D, Stoelinga PJ. A 4-year prospective study on epidemiology and clinicopathological presentation of odontogenic tumors in Tanzania. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral RadiolEndod2005 ; 99:598-602.

Tortorici S, Amodio E, Massenti MF, Buzzanca ML, Burruano F, Vitale F. Prevalence and distribution of odontogenic cysts in Sicily: 1986- 2005. J Oral Sci 2008;50, 15-18.


  • There are currently no refbacks.