KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ( KAP ) REGARDING TUBERCULOSIS AND ITS TREATMENT, AMONG TB PATIENTS AT TB CLINIC OF UDAIPUR, RAJASTHAN.

Dr. Anjili Mathur, Dr. Pushpendra Singh

Abstract


India is the country with the highest burden of TB. The World Health Organization (WHO) TB statistics for India for 2016 give an estimated
incidence figure of 2.79 million cases of TB in India. Lack of compliance to TB treatment has contributed to steady rise of TB. According to WHO,
TB is a worldwide pandemic. Among the 15 countries with the highest estimated TB incidence rates, 13 are in Africa, while half of all new cases are
in six Asian countries, viz., Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan and Philippines. A WHO fact sheet dated March 2010 on tuberculosis
stated that overall one third of the world's population (over 2 billion) is currently infected with the TB bacillus. According to it, every second,
someone in the world is newly infected with TB bacilli and 1 in every 10 of these newly infected people will become sick or infectious later in life.
In Rajasthan number of persons having diagnosed for TB is 210 per 1 lac population, whereas in Udaipur the number is 176 per 1 lac population.
OBJECTIVES: To determine knowledge, attitude and practice regarding TB treatment among Pulmonary Tuberculosis patients attending TB
clinic at a tertiary hospital.
DESIGN AND MEASURES: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted on a convenient sample of 260 pulmonary TB patients receiving
health care at TB treatment clinic in Udaipur, Rajasthan. An interview schedule comprising of four sections (demographic, knowledge, attitude and
practice) was used to collect data.
RESULTS : In this study , majority of patients had an average level of knowledge regarding TB. Majority of patients possessed good attitude and
following good practice. This may be the reason behind good case detection and treatment success rate of DOTS and we can hope for further
succcess of STOP TB STRATEGY There is no significant difference between male and females on the basis of knowledge, attitude and practice.
The study revealed very important aspect that knowledge is not a direct determinant of practice, but the attitude has a lot of influence on patients in
taking proper treatment. It is vital therefore, to find ways of improving attitude along with enhancing awareness/ knowledge among mass to stop TB
as a global health issue.


Keywords


qualitative literature adherence behavioral influenced

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