EFFECT OF RESPIRATORY PROPRIOCEPTIVE NEUROMUSCULAR FACILITATION ON PULMONARY FUNCTION TEST IN SMOKERS

Zaheed Akhtar, Jyoti Ganai, M. Shobitha, Anwar Habib

Abstract


Once smoker quits smoking, they need to undergo a proper exercise program to restore their pulmonary function and the results of which have
already been proven. Respiratory PNF has been seen to have positive effects on PFT in normal population as well as in patient population in terms
of reducing respiratory rate and heart rate, improving oxygen saturation, diaphragmatic muscle function and facilitation of respiratory muscle.
Smokers also have reduced PFT values but there is no research available which shows the relation between smokers and respiratory PNF. Therefore
this particular research was undertaken to see if respiratory PNF has any positive effect on smokers in terms of pulmonary function values. The
study design was pre-test post-test experimental study design. To see the effect of respiratory proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation on PFT in
smokers, 30 male smokers in the age group 25-35 were considered. Measurement of baseline parameters of PFT were compared with post test PFT
values at the end of study. Intergroup comparison of pre and post PFT parameters shows significant changes (p<0.05) for the following parameters;
TV(Tidal Volume), IRV(Inspiratory Reserve Volume), ERV(Expirator Reserve Volume), %FVC(Forced vital capacity) for the experimental
group. The results of the study have shown that when the experimental group is compared with the control group, significant improvement is seen in
TV, IRV and FVC% ,since majority of parameters shows improvement therefore, Experimental Hypothesis stands accepted for TV, IRV, and FVC
% though ERV, FEV1 and FVC did not show any significant changes.


Keywords


Smokers, PFT, PNF, TV, IRV, ERV, FVC.

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