SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS AND RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH HIV/AIDS AMONG ATTENDEES OF ART PLUS CENTRE OF HAMIDIA HOSPITAL BHOPAL (M.P)

Dr. Mohan Shinde, Dr. Dileep Dandotiya, Dr. Anshuli Trivedi, Dr. Hemant Verma

Abstract


BACKGROUND: India has the third largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS. Heterosexual contact is the predominant mode of
transmission and main risk factor of HIV.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the socio-demographic characteristics and risk factors of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIVs) attending ART plus
centre.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried among 250 newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS positive persons attending the ART plus centre of
Hamidia hospital Bhopal India. All the patients in the age range of 18-65 years, were willing to participate were included in the study. The study was
conducted from April 2017 to March 2018 and the socio-demographic parameters and associated risk factors of the HIV/ AIDS disease were
studied.
RESULTS: In the study population (18 years to 65 years), 69.2% were males and 30.0% were females and 0.8% were transgender. Majority of the
patient (91.6%) were in age group of (18 to 50 years). Most common occupation found among males were laborers while most of females were
house wives 24.0% and 23.2% respectively. Majority of patients belonged to class IV (39.6%) and class III (30.4%) of socioeconomic status. The
commonest associated systemic disease was tuberculosis found in 14% of the patients. Unprotected sexual route was the most common (73.6%)
mode of transmission; and of them heterosexual route was found to be the commonest (71.6%).
CONCLUSION: Majority of patients in the study belong to low socioeconomic class. Amongst the young and productive age group the
heterosexual contact was the commonest mode of HIV/AIDS transmission.


Keywords


HIV, AIDS, ART Plus centre, Socio-demographic profile, Risk factors, PLHIV

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