CORRELATION OF SERUM LIPIDS, LIPOPROTEINS AND HOMOCYSTEINE LEVELS IN HYPOTHYROID PATIENTS OF NORTH - WEST INDIA

Kuldip Singh

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Thyroid diseases with accompanying dyslipidemia is widely recognized as a risk factor for various cardiovascular disease like
atherosclerosis/myocardial infarction, which cannot be fully explained by the atherogenic lipid profile and plasma total homocysteine is an
independent risk factor for the initiation of atherosclerosis.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the serum total homocysteine level in subclinical as well as overt hypothyroid patients of
North/West Indians to observe the relationship between lipid, homocysteine and hypothyroidism.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the present study, 80 hypothyroid patients (40 sub clinical hypothyroidism and 40 overt hypothyroidism) and
40 normal healthy controls subjects of both sex, with a mean age range 20–50 years from North West Punjabi population were recruited in the
present study for the evaluation of serum total homocysteine along with lipid and lipoproteins levels.
RESULTS: In the present a significant increase in total cholesterol (P ≤ 0.05), triglycerides (P ≤ 0.001), LDL- cholesterol (P ≤ 0.05), and VLDLcholesterol
was observed in sub clinical and overt hypothyroid patients while a significant fall (P ≤ 0.001) in both sub clinical hypothyroidism and
overt hypothyroidism was reported in comparison to normal healthy subjects. A significant (P ≤ 0.001) increase in total homocysteine level was
recorded in overt hypothyroidism but non significantly increased was observed in total homocysteine levels in sub clinical hypothyroidism
patients.
CONCLUSION: A strong relationship between serum homocysteine levels and lipid profile concentrations especially the concentrations of total
cholesterol and triglycerides in hypothyroidism might increase cardiovascular risk. So, determination of serum levels of thyroid profile is
recommended in subjects with unexplained Hyperhomocysteinemia.


Keywords


Subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hypothyroidism, lipids, Lipoproteins, Total homocysteine (tHcy).

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