COLORECTAL CANCER IN ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS AS COMPARED TO ADULTS WITH REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Dr Nidhi P A Barla, Dr Angel Tete, Dr (Prof) A K Sinha, Dr (Prof) K P Sinha

Abstract


Colorectal cancers are relatively uncommon malignancies in India as compared to the western world as here there is less consumption of red and processed meat. According to recent cancer data in India, incidence of colorectal cancer is 4th in men and 3rd in women. Rectal cancers are more common in India[1].Considering such a low incidence in adults, it would be rare to find colorectal cancers in pediatric age group. We present a study on total 46 cases of colorectal cancers, among which 6 cases were in age below 25 years including two cases of adolescents.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A two year retrospective study from June 2016 to May 2018 was done. We came across total 46 cases of colorectal cancers, among which 18 cases were of females and 28 of males. Maximum number of cases were in age group 41- 50 i.e 14 cases. Two very rare cases of age 10 and 14 years were encountered which had very dismal prognosis at diagnosis itself. Other four cases were below 25 years of age and were also in advanced stage.

 

CONCLUSION:

Colorectal cancers are generally cancers of 5th to 6th decades. They are less commonly encountered before 30 years of age; being extremely rare in pediatric age group i.e 1 case/ million. If they do so, they usually present in advanced stage and have poor histological stage and grade thus making them inoperable. A high level of suspicion coupled with a digital rectal examination followed by sigmoidoscopy and/or colonoscopy if required can result in early diagnosis which will go a long way in providing effective therapy [2].

 


Keywords


Colorectal, Adenocarcinoma, adolescents, digital rectal examination.

Full Text:

PDF

References


.www.timesnow news.com.

.Bhatia MS, Chandra R, Shah R, Patel DD. Colorectal carcinoma in Indian children. Indian Pediatr 2000; 37: 1355-8

. Shih Hsiang-Hung, Luchung-Ching, TiaoMao-Ming et al. Adenocarcinoma of the colon in children presenting as abdominal pain: Report of two cases. Chang Gung Med J Vol 25 No.5; May 2002: 348-53

.Sarda Dinesh K, Kamble Ashok T, Mungate Gayatri S, Goswami Amol. Mucinous carcinoma of rectum in 11 year old child 2004. Indian journal of surgery; vol 66; issue 4; 236-238. [5] WHO 2010 data.

. Kumar Vinay, Abbas Abul K, Aster Jon C, Robbins and cotran, Pathological basis of disease 9th edition; 17: 810-14.

. Vincenti O, Lowrence C, Josefina C, George SC, Pratt CB. The natural history of colorectal carcinoma in adolescent cancers 1982; 49: 1716-20.

.Goldblum John R, Lamps Laura W, Mckenaey Jesse K, Myers Jeffrey. Rosai and Ackerman’s surgical pathology, 11th edition 17: 676-83.

Recalde M, Holyoke ED, Elias EG. Caracinoma of the colon, ileum and anal canal in young patients. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1974; 139: 909-13.

. Buchanan JA, Carlhomr JD. Colloid carcinoma of colon in children. Am Surg 1958; 24: 280-86. Gallagher EG, Ziegler MG. Rectal carcinoma in patients in the second and third decade of life. Am F Surg 1972; 124: 655-9.

.Kerm WH, White WC. Adenocarcinoma of the colon in a nine months old infant. Cancer 1958; 11: 855-7.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.