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NASA's Orion Spacecraft Fly 81 Miles From The Moon, Breaking A Record

On Monday morning, during Artemis 1's fifth day, NASA's Orion spacecraft fly 81 miles from the Moon. The Orion spacecraft came closer to the moon than it ever has before. On Wednesday, NASA's most powerful rocket to date, the Orbit Launch System (SLS), successfully launched Artemis I from Florida, bringing Orion into space.

Author:Suleman Shah
Reviewer:Han Ju
Nov 23, 202262 Shares1K Views
On Monday morning, during Artemis 1's fifth day, NASA's Orion spacecraft fly 81 miles from the Moon. The Orion spacecraft came closer to the moon than it ever has before.
On Wednesday, NASA's most powerful rocket to date, the Orbit Launch System (SLS), successfully launched Artemis I from Florida, bringing Orion into space. Even though no humans are on board, NASA's lunar mission relies heavily on this almost month-long trip around the moon.
As it approaches a distant retrograde orbit (DRO) of the moon, the Orion spacecraft will need relatively little fuel to maintain its flight trajectory owing to the steady nature of the orbit. The spacecraft performed the first of four main engine burns necessary to achieve the desired orbit for the Artemis I mission.

NASA's Orion spacecraft just flew by the moon in milestone for Artemis 1 mission

Orion Makes The Closest Lunar Flyby

On November 16th, during the launch of NASA's Artemis I mission, the unmanned capsule was carried into orbit by the Space Launch System (SLS). This is the first step in the Artemis program, which aims to return people to the moon's surface and set up a permanent base there.
In order to assess whether the Orion capsule is fit for human flight, it is being put through its paces during the Artemis I mission. If all goes according to plan, astronauts will make the same trip on the Artemis II mission in 2024. As Apollo 17 did in 1972, Artemis III will return people to the moon.
In order to get within 80 miles of the Moon's surface, NASA's Orion spacecraft completed an engine run lasting 2 minutes and 30 seconds. Orion intentionally lost touch with Earth for a short time while performing this burn, known as an outbound powered flyby (OPF), on the far side of the moon. During the maneuver, the Orion spacecraft fired up its Orbital Maneuvering System (OMS) engine.
With the help of the OPF, Orion was able to use the moon's gravity to propel itself beyond our nearest neighbor and in the direction of the DRO. The space agency plans to make a second burn to place itself inside DRO in four days.

Orion Approaches Landmark

In just a few more days, the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA-designed Orion spacecraft will set a new record for the longest duration of a space mission.
Orion will remain in this orbit for around a week while NASA conducts tests on the spacecraft. The route Orion will follow will take it 40 thousand miles beyond the moon before it returns to Earth. On November 28 Orion will be more than 268,500 miles from Earth, its closest approach that day.
It will set a new record for the longest distance ever traveled by a human-rated spacecraft. By almost 30,000 miles, it will outdistance the previous record established by NASA's Apollo 13 mission (48,300 km).
Orion Vehicle Integration Manager Jim Geffre said last week at a press event that the spacecraft is doing very well in orbit, with all systems performing above and beyond expectations.
Because of these capabilities, spacecraft may remain in regular contact with Earth even as it revolves. After the lunar flyby, Orion was able to restore contact with the Madrid station in Spain before moving on to the Goldstone site in California.

Final Words

On December 11, when the Orion spacecraft lands in the Pacific Ocean, the Artemis I mission will come to a close. While re-entering Earth's atmosphere, Orion will move at a speed of around 25,000 mph (40,000 km/h).
Heat shields aboard Orion will be put to the test during re-entry, when the spacecraft will experience temperatures of up to 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit (2,750 degrees Celsius) before parachutes slow it down and it falls into the ocean, marking the conclusion of NASA's ambitious moon mission. When Artemis I is finally shut down, a whole new age of human spaceflight will begin, allowing us to once again set foot on the moon, Mars, and beyond.
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Suleman Shah

Suleman Shah

Suleman Shah is a researcher and freelance writer. As a researcher, he has worked with MNS University of Agriculture, Multan (Pakistan) and Texas A & M University (USA). He regularly writes science articles and blogs for science news website and open access publishers OA Publishing London and Scientific Times. He loves to keep himself updated on scientific developments and convert these developments into everyday language to update the readers about the developments in the scientific era. His primary research focus is Plant sciences, and he contributed to this field by publishing his research in scientific journals and presenting his work at many Conferences. Shah graduated from the University of Agriculture Faisalabad (Pakistan) and started his professional carrier with Jaffer Agro Services and later with the Agriculture Department of the Government of Pakistan. His research interest compelled and attracted him to proceed with his carrier in Plant sciences research. So, he started his Ph.D. in Soil Science at MNS University of Agriculture Multan (Pakistan). Later, he started working as a visiting scholar with Texas A&M University (USA). Shah’s experience with big Open Excess publishers like Springers, Frontiers, MDPI, etc., testified to his belief in Open Access as a barrier-removing mechanism between researchers and the readers of their research. Shah believes that Open Access is revolutionizing the publication process and benefitting research in all fields.
Han Ju

Han Ju

Hello! I'm Han Ju, the heart behind World Wide Journals. My life is a unique tapestry woven from the threads of news, spirituality, and science, enriched by melodies from my guitar. Raised amidst tales of the ancient and the arcane, I developed a keen eye for the stories that truly matter. Through my work, I seek to bridge the seen with the unseen, marrying the rigor of science with the depth of spirituality. Each article at World Wide Journals is a piece of this ongoing quest, blending analysis with personal reflection. Whether exploring quantum frontiers or strumming chords under the stars, my aim is to inspire and provoke thought, inviting you into a world where every discovery is a note in the grand symphony of existence. Welcome aboard this journey of insight and exploration, where curiosity leads and music guides.
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