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Roman Emperor - How Gold Chain Proved His Existence

Scientists say that an old gold coin proves that a Roman emperor from the third century who has been written out of history as a fictional character really did live. The coin with the name and picture of Sponsian was found in Transylvania, which was once a far-flung part of the Roman empire, more than 300 years ago.

Author:Suleman Shah
Reviewer:Han Ju
Dec 13, 20228 Shares762 Views
Scientists say that an old gold coin proves that a Roman emperorfrom the third century who has been written out of historyas a fictional character really did live.
The coin with the name and picture of Sponsian was found in Transylvania, which was once a far-flung part of the Roman empire, more than 300 years ago.
It had been kept in a museum cupboard because people thought it was a fake.

The Proof Of The Roman Emperor

When the gold coin was first discovered in 1713, experts confirmed its authenticity. However, many individuals in the mid-19th century thought the currency was a fake due to its poor design.
In 1863, a French coin expert concluded the coin was fake. When Professor Paul Pearson from University College London saw coin images, he suspected the conclusion was wrong. Scientists now believe the currency was in circulation 2,000 years ago based on microscopic scratch traces.
Professor Paul Pearson said that the investigation's conclusions shocked him.
What we have found is an emperor. He was a figure thought to have been a fake and written off by the experts. But we think he was real and that he had a role in history.- Professor Paul Pearson, from University College London

More On How It Was Proven

In 1713, a small coin trove yielded the story's centerpiece. It was believed to be actual Roman coinage until the middle of the 19th century, when experts began to suspect that it was forgery due to its crude appearance.
Henry Cohen, a leading coin scholar at the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, considered it for his large Roman coin catalogue in 1863, solving the problem. He called them "modern" forgeries, poorly made, and "ridiculously imagined." Other specialists agreed, and Sponsian is not mentioned in scholarly catalogues.
While researching a book on Roman history, Professor Pearson viewed photos of the coin and suspected something was wrong. He saw blemishes on its surface that he assumed were from the coin's long circulation.
He approached the Hunterian Museum at Glasgow University, where the coin and three othersfrom the original treasure were held, if he might collaborate with scholars. The museum stored the coin and three others from the original trove in a cabinet.
Their findings were revealed in the journal PLOS1 after examining all four coins with a microscope. They observed that the coins had scratches and that their patterns matched handbag jingling. A chemical analysis by the museum's coin curator, Jesper Ericsson, and Professor Pearson showed that the coins had been buried in soil for hundreds of years.

Gold coin proves ‘fake’ Roman emperor was real

The Question Of Who Sponsian Is

He may have been a military leader forced to become emperor of Dacia, the most remote and toughest province of the Roman empire, according to researchers.
Archaeological study shows that Dacia became separated from the Roman empire around 260 AD. An epidemic and civil conflict tore the empire apart.
Jesper Ericsson believes Sponsian led Dacia's troops and civilian population through a civil war until 271–275 AD when the province was abandoned and was besieged and isolated from Rome.
According to Ericsson:
Our interpretation is that he was in charge to maintain control of the military and of the civilian population because they were surrounded and completely cut off. In order to create a functioning economy in the province they decided to mint their own coins.- Jesper Ericsson, the coin curator of the Hunterian Museum at Glasgow University

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Once the researchers knew the coins were real and that they had found what they thought was a lost Roman emperor, they told researchers at the Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu, Transylvania, which also has a coin from the Sponsian period. It was part of Baron Samuel von Brukenthal's will.
He was the governor of Transylvania for the Habsburgs. The Baron was looking at the coin when he died, and the story goes that the last thing he did was write the word "genuine" on a piece of paper.
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Suleman Shah

Suleman Shah

Suleman Shah is a researcher and freelance writer. As a researcher, he has worked with MNS University of Agriculture, Multan (Pakistan) and Texas A & M University (USA). He regularly writes science articles and blogs for science news website and open access publishers OA Publishing London and Scientific Times. He loves to keep himself updated on scientific developments and convert these developments into everyday language to update the readers about the developments in the scientific era. His primary research focus is Plant sciences, and he contributed to this field by publishing his research in scientific journals and presenting his work at many Conferences. Shah graduated from the University of Agriculture Faisalabad (Pakistan) and started his professional carrier with Jaffer Agro Services and later with the Agriculture Department of the Government of Pakistan. His research interest compelled and attracted him to proceed with his carrier in Plant sciences research. So, he started his Ph.D. in Soil Science at MNS University of Agriculture Multan (Pakistan). Later, he started working as a visiting scholar with Texas A&M University (USA). Shah’s experience with big Open Excess publishers like Springers, Frontiers, MDPI, etc., testified to his belief in Open Access as a barrier-removing mechanism between researchers and the readers of their research. Shah believes that Open Access is revolutionizing the publication process and benefitting research in all fields.
Han Ju

Han Ju

Hello! I'm Han Ju, the heart behind World Wide Journals. My life is a unique tapestry woven from the threads of news, spirituality, and science, enriched by melodies from my guitar. Raised amidst tales of the ancient and the arcane, I developed a keen eye for the stories that truly matter. Through my work, I seek to bridge the seen with the unseen, marrying the rigor of science with the depth of spirituality. Each article at World Wide Journals is a piece of this ongoing quest, blending analysis with personal reflection. Whether exploring quantum frontiers or strumming chords under the stars, my aim is to inspire and provoke thought, inviting you into a world where every discovery is a note in the grand symphony of existence. Welcome aboard this journey of insight and exploration, where curiosity leads and music guides.
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